Joints play an important role in moving and living our body. However, over time, the cartilage of the joint may be damaged or changed. The normal disease is called degenerative arthritis. If you are curious about degenerative arthritis or osteoarthritis, see below.
Osteoarthritis : Definition, Symptom, Cause, Treatment
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease, accompanied by progressive loss of joint cartilage or changing symptoms depending on the degree of use. The joints of our body have articular cartilage that absorbs shocks. These cartilage changes cause secondary damage to the bones, ligaments, and joint membranes that make up the joint, causing pain or dysfunction.
Osteoarthritis is divided into primary arthritis that occurs in a specific area and secondary arthritis that is caused by trauma, disease, or deformity. The frequency of occurrence is read aloud from age 60 and older. The incidence rate increases with age and is more common in women than men.
The symptom is pain in the joints. Especially in the case of the knee, the pain intensifies when climbing or descending stairs. As symptoms progress, the knee may become filled with water, which can cause pain throughout the day. There are pains in various areas, such as the spinal joints and hip joints. If it occurs on the knuckle, the knuckle may become thicker.
In the past, there was a tendency to think that it was an aging phenomenon of osteoarthritis. These days, there is aging as a disease, not just a aging phenomenon. The cause of primary degenerative arthritis is certainly not known, and age, genetic factors, obesity, sex, etc. seem to affect it. The causes of secondary osteoarthritis have been reported as trauma, disease, and malformation.
The cause of osteoarthritis may vary depending on the site of occurrence. Like a soccer player, repetitive work or life can be a cause. Also, in the case of knees, aging, gender, and weight can be a major cause.
Treatment of osteoarthritis is divided into conservative and surgical treatment. There are normal treatment options and cartilage is normalizing. See below for treatment options.
1. Conservative treatment
Refrain from behaviors that are unreasonable to the joints, such as bad postures and lifestyle habits. However, the change prevents pain reduction or joint damage. Weight loss can also help prevent degenerative arthritis caused by obesity. In severe cases, the use of a cane or assistive device can also feel the pressure on the joints.
It has not yet been shown to repair joint damage. In most cases, there are pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are typical, but they may require long-term administration and should be administered at a doctor’s prescription. Careful use is required.
Health foods such as grasamine, chondroitin, and cartilage-producing supplements come out, and prove to be completely proven. But it works to some extent, or some can prove.
2. Surgical treatment
It is performed when the symptoms of arthritis improve or change in progress and seriously interfere with daily life. It uses arthroscopy to clean the joints and removes the vitreous body and synovial membrane to relieve it. It is better to have less pain and a quick recovery period. The fact that osteotomy changes the alignment of the joint when there is a symptom of a single part of the joint.
He is also divided into sofa arthroplasty, multiple perforation, arthroplasty, and joint fixation, and various surgical treatments can be performed depending on the site or characteristics of arthritis.
How to prevent osteoarthritis
It is advisable to maintain weight to reduce the strain on the joints. Excessive movements or poor posture also have problems that cause arthritis. Ingestion of antioxidant nutrients can help with cartilage damage. Loads of antioxidant nutrients include vitamins C, E, beta carotene, selenium and more.
There are many protein intakes that caffeine is consumed in less than 2 glasses per day. They consume milk, cheese, anchovies, tofu, soybeans, and seaweed, which can supply calcium. Blue fish and egg yolks also provide vitamin D.
This is a complete overview of osteoarthritis. Once the joint is bad, it is difficult to improve, so I think it is good to prevent and save it in advance. It is insufficient, but if you find it helpful, I would appreciate it if you click the empathy button. Home